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ERA Knowledge Hub

Welcome to the Knowledge Hub of the Agency!

On this webpage you can find useful tutorials, webinars, presentations and general videos divided by topic.

The Agency aims to foster the development of a high performing railway system, by supporting the increase in knowledge and capability of railway organisations, including national safety authorities and national investigation bodies. In the next future, the Agency will expand this collection by grouping under the Knowledge Hub its training and dissemination activities. This will raise awareness of legal obligations and good practice adopted in the railway industry and it will explain the reasons behind such provisions and works together with stakeholders to guide them in their implementation.

For any information related to reproduction of the following content, please read here.

Safety culture refers to the interaction between the requirements of the Safety Management System (SMS), how people make sense of them, based on their attitudes, values and beliefs, and what they actually do, as seen in decisions and behaviours.


Enhancing Rail Safety in 2021 

This video is the recording of ERA's Webinar of 10th December 2020. ERA Executive Director Josef Doppelbauer presents ERA’s safety leadership training available upon request for any rail-related organisation. Grégory Rolina (ERA) introduces the European Rail Safety Climate Survey# (ERA-SCS), a unique safety perception survey targeting all European rail professionals launched in 2021.

European Railway Safety Culture Model explained  

This short video explains how the model can be used by any rail companies to raise awareness, understand and improve its safety culture.

The model is accessible in all EU languages in an interactive manner following this link.

ERA Safety Leadership Training  

Leadership plays a major role in the development of a positive safety culture. To stress the importance of always behaving safely and leading by example, the European Union Agency for Railways has developed an innovative training targeting rail managers at all levels. The course highlights the need to put safety at the forefront of all actions and every decision made. It provides each participant with a clear idea of what safety leadership is about and on how to improve on a daily basis.

The Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TSIs) define the technical and operational standards which must be met by each subsystem or part of subsystem in order to meet the essential requirements and ensure the interoperability of the railway system of the European Union.


TSIs Introduction

English (2.7 MB - PDF)

Infrastructure TSI as an example of the implementation of the “Interoperability” idea

English (1.16 MB - PDF)

TSI Energy

English (1.35 MB - PDF)

TSI Rolling Stocks

English (3.62 MB - PDF)

The Green Agenda project aims at contributing to the strategy defined by the European Commission with the Green Deal to reach the EU targets for the climate and energy framework. The project’s objective is mainly:

  • to substantiate the benefits of the railway transport; and
  • to build evidence based proposals to make railway the backbone of a multimodal transport and mobility system and launch a rail renaissance.


Game changer for a carbon neutral economy

Making railway the cornerstone that supports an environmentally sustainable multimodal transport system is essential to attain the climate objectives of the European Green Deal and the Paris Climate Agreement.

How rail freight helps achieving climate goals

As part of the Green Deal, a modal shift in freight transport from mostly road to rail is necessary, with the objective to double rail freight traffic by 2050. In this webinar ERA presents the second part of the report “Fostering the railway sector through the European Green Deal”.

The One-Stop Shop (OSS) is an information and communication system that supports the Applicants, the European Union Agency for Railways (ERA) and the National Safety Authorities (NSAs) in performing their tasks related to Single Safety Certifications (SSC), Vehicle Authorisations (VA) and ERTMS trackside approvals (TA), as defined in the 4th Railway Package (4RP) set of legislative texts.

Toolkit for Single Safety Certificates assessors

This presentation applies to the role of assessors with a focus on how the assessment process is applied at ERA.


A Compelling Vision for the Target Railway System

Rail is one of the greenest mode of transport. The creation of a single European railway area is part of the EU transport policy objectives. A vision of the target rail system and the related research needs are presented in this short animation.

The digital transformation of railways, as in other sectors, brings new opportunities together with novel challenges. Cybersecurity is a key requirement to enable railways to deploy and exploit the full extent of a connected, digital paradigm. The European Union has defined an objective and a framework on cybersecurity, including preparedness and awareness of all actors against cyber threats, and several initiatives are relevant for railways. ERA and ENISA are working closely together to ensure the cross-fertilisation of railway and cybersecurity regulatory frameworks.


Cybersecurity in Railways

This ERA webinar on rail cybersecurity, jointly organised with ENISA, presents how the EU cybersecurity framework applies to railway stakeholders, and how the railway framework is evolving to reflect more the concerns on cybersecurity. The European Union Agency for Cybersecurity, ENISA, and ERA present their activities concerning cybersecurity in railways.

ERA-ENISA Cybersecurity Conference

2021 is the European Year of Rail,  ENISA, the EU Agency for Cybersecurity, and ERA, the EU Agency for Railways, joined forces to organise a virtual Conference on Rail Cybersecurity. The conference took place virtually over two days and brought together more than 600 experts from railway organisations, policy, industry, research, to discuss cybersecurity developments and highlighted the main challenges in the field. Day 2 focused on the Research & Innovation and Information Sharing & Cooperation aspects. 

One of ERA’s strategic objectives is to improve economic efficiency and societal benefits of railways. We therefore place high importance on collecting and delivering objective and credible evidence to support sound decision making.


This brief guide outlines the arrangements the Agency has put in place to facilitate the reporting of CSI data by NSAs, following the ERAIL disconnection.

The Agency Railway Terminology Collection is a repository of Railway terms and abbreviations from EU legal texts concerning the activities carried out by ERA and relevant application guides. 

Its main aim is to sustain the development of a common understanding in the rail sector, essential to achieve the level of harmonisation required by the Railway Safety and Interoperability Directives.

The purpose of the collection is to provide support to the whole sector by:

  • offering in an unique entry point the reference valid definition of terms and abbreviations;
  • improving the multilingual translations and understanding;
  • facilitating the standardisation of railway definitions in new or revised documents , both for activities carried out internally and externally to the Agency;
  • harmonising the communication in the railway systems.

Further steps will be carried out for incorporating other terms from institutional sources and designing a multilingual web version.

Please consider that the document can be exported in Excel. The Agency is responsible only for the publication in PDF, the file is uncontrolled when printed or converted. Please note that this page is still under construction.

Related documents

Agency Railway Terminology Collection

English (3.03 MB - PDF)

Human and Organisational Factors (HOF) refers to the interactions among system components and humans, considering their behaviours, at all levels such as individual, situational, group, organisational or cultural.

Examples of interactions, observable at these levels, can be found in: job design, workload, fatigue, procedures, competence management, working conditions, organisational and technological change, staffing, reporting culture, systemic investigations and audits, or the safety culture of the organisation. And all this is important for the safety management system.

It is also important to remember that these interactions stimulate people to behave in an adaptive and safe way. HOF are not only considering people on the field, but also how things are organised, monitored and improved.

This is the human and machine readable Vocabulary/Ontology governed by the European Union Agency for Railways. It represents the concepts and relationships linked to the sectorial legal framework and the use cases under the Agency´s remit. Currently, this vocabulary covers the European railway infrastructure and the vehicles authorized to operate over it. It is a semantic/browsable representation of the RINF and ERATV application guides that were built by the domain experts from RINF and ERATV working parties.

This is the human and machine readable Controlled Vocabulary / Taxonomy governed by the European Union Agency for Railways. It represents the list of values per each data property linked to the sectorial legal framework and to the use cases under the Agency´s remit.

Here's a catalogue of SPARQL queries (together with their correspondence in natural language) that can be useful for different purposes. Send us your information request and we build the query for you. (Email

Use this search engine to visualize your query in the EU Map.