European Railway Agency - ERA

Moving Europe towards a sustainable
and safe railway system without frontiers.

Stakeholder relations

Stakeholder relations

ERA, as an European Union (EU) agency, is governed by EU public law but operates independently from the EU Institutions (Council, Parliament, Commission etc.) and has its own legal personality. The European Commission is, however, a crucial institutional stakeholder for ERA and a partner in the implementation of its mandate.

ERA closely cooperates with national safety authorities, national investigation bodies and representative bodies in the frame of networks and workgroups.

Representative bodies include organisations and associations that represent the railway sector, rail workers, freight customers and passengers.

ERA engages in cooperation activities with the following organisations:

ERA also takes an active role in the EUMedRail project, set up by the European Commission , by providing technical assistance in railways, with a view on further developing an integrated, safe and efficient transport system in the South Mediterranean region.

ERA cooperates with the European Standardisation Organisations (ESOs) in order to ensure coordination between the development of the technical specifications for interoperability and their standardisation activities. This cooperation mainly hinges on the following organisations:

In application of the standardisation mandate given by the European Commission to ESOs and of the Memorandum of Understanding between ERA and ESOs, ERA issue the necessary requests for development of new standards and follow the evolution of the resulting standards.

ERA cooperates with the coordination group of notified bodies for railway products and systems (NB-RAIL) to collect feedback on the exercise of their duties and propose and promote appropriate improvements.

The notified bodies are independent organisations responsible for assessing the conformity of interoperability constituents and subsystems regarding the requirements of the technical specifications for interoperability.

The NB-Rail representatives are also active in the Conformity Survey Group (CSG). The CSG has been specifically established to discuss about the conformance part of the technical specifications for interoperability.

ERA is also invited as observer at the NB-Rail meetings (plenary, strategic and subgroup).

ERA works together as far as technical and operational aspects are concerned with the Organisation for Co-operation between Railways (OSJD) to analyse the relationship between the 1435 mm and the 1520/1524 mm railway systems, together with a strategic evaluation on the possibility of future convergence between the two systems (keeping apart the gauge differences).

Nowadays, collaboration activities are focused on:

  • Comparative analysis of technical specifications for interoperability requirements to those existing in  OSJD area; and
  • Exchange of experience to coordinate measures for preservation and improvement of technical and operational compatibility  and seamless international railway transport between Europe and Asia.

The outcomes of the joint ERA-OSJD work (ERA-OSJD Contact Group) contribute to the revision process of technical specifications for interoperability and can be of interest for any party analysing requirements for subsystems in the member countries of EU and OSJD.

The renewed MoU applies from 1 January 2020. It builds on existing cooperation strengths and helps to readjust to the current international railway agenda.

For further information, please refer to the recorded webinar “Railways in the World”.

ERA assists the European Commission in its cooperation with the Intergovernmental Organisation for International Carriage by Rail (OTIF) to establish and maintain equivalence between the European Union (EU) and OTIF legislation concerning railway interoperability and safety to the extent necessary for international rail traffic.

The purpose of this cooperation is to facilitate the rail transport services and recognition of authorisations for placing in service and admission to operation between the EU Member States and non-EU OTIF Contracting States.

To streamline this process, ERA, OTIF and European Commission signed administrative arrangements. These arrangements allow all the parties to better plan their activities of common interest and to prioritise the tasks using their resources efficiently.


In coordination with the European Commission , ERA is promoting a further harmonised approach to Transport of Dangerous Goods (TDG) safety and interoperability.

With this aim, ERA assists the European Commission in the representation of EU positions in meetings organised by UNECE and OTIF , notably for achieving consistent development of the legislation dealing with the TDG by rail within the meaning of Directive 2008/68/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council.

When necessary, this assistance may also include issuing recommendations at Commission's request or on ERA’s own initiative.

In parallel to legislative developments, ERA also coordinates the Inland TDG risk management framework with the collaboration of interested organisations, including the experts of the UNECE/OTIF Joint Meeting on RID/ADR/ADN.

The Agency cooperates with regulatory agencies in four countries (United States of America, Australia, Brazil and Japan) as well as with the Gulf Cooperation Council. Activities are focused on exchanging information, best practice and scientific/technical knowledge.

The interaction with ERA's peer organisations includes video/phone conferences and technical dialogue sessions between experts when topics of mutual interest and benefit have been identified.

Project duration: 2017-2022

Budget: €2 million

The main objective of the project is to provide technical assistance to further develop an integrated, safe and efficient transport system in the EuroMed region, and in particular, improve safe and interoperable railway transport.

Countries covered: Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine*, and Tunisia.


The project aims to support the implementation of rail actions of the Regional Transport Action Plan 2021-2027, in line with previous regional plans, by promoting regulatory convergence with EU and international legislation and standards, facilitating interoperability, and increasing partner countries’ participation in activities of ERA.

Actions in brief:

The project will:

  • Support the creation of a network of railway experts in the region;
  • Provide assistance for the development, implementation, maintenance and continual improvement of safety management systems;
  • Support the creation and operation of national safety authorities and independent investigation bodies, in line with EU railway legislation
  • Foster technical harmonization and facilitate international railway transport in cooperation with the Intergovernmental Organisation for International Carriage by Rail (OTIF), through adherence to and implementation of COTIF technical appendices
  • Provide support on identified priority areas of partner countries (data collection, risk management, safety monitoring and supervision, accident investigation, technical specifications for interoperability, ERTMS, etc.).
  • Raise awareness on project activities and results

To be further acquainted with the EUMedRail Project, please have a look at the following Webinar ERA organised in April 2021 (most relevant part: between 34:55 and 43:50) : 

* This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of the Member States on this issue.

At the beginning of December 2019, ERA and the European Commission's Directorate General DG NEAR signed a three years contract "Continuation of support to the IPA II beneficiaries by the European Union Agency for Railways (ERA) 2020 – 2022". The contract will allow the Agency to continue its efforts supporting the beneficiaries of the Western Balkans and Turkey under the European Union's instrument for pre-accession assistance (IPA).

The Work Program comprises the cooperation with the Transport Community, based in Belgrade.

Beneficiaries are the EU candidate and potential candidate countries Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo (This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence.), Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey.

Presently, the following ERA Webinars are available with Albanian, English, Serbian and Turkish subtitles. The related Quizzes are also available in Albanian, English, Serbian and Turkish languages:

Webinar "Introduction to the European Railway Safety Culture Model"

Webinar "Certification Authorisation Approval"

Webinar "Game changer for a carbon neutral economy"

Webinar "Enhancing Rail Safety in 2021"

General Project Presentation

IPA Safety Management Training, Podgorica, Montenegro 26- 28 October 2021