European Railway Agency - ERA

Moving Europe towards a sustainable
and safe railway system without frontiers.

ERA Knowledge Hub

Welcome to the Knowledge Hub of the Agency!

On this webpage you can find useful tutorials, webinars, presentations and general videos divided by topic.

The Agency aims to foster the development of a high performing railway system, by supporting the increase in knowledge and capability of railway organisations, including national safety authorities and national investigation bodies. In the next future, the Agency will expand this collection by grouping under the Knowledge Hub its training and dissemination activities. This will raise awareness of legal obligations and good practice adopted in the railway industry and it will explain the reasons behind such provisions and works together with stakeholders to guide them in their implementation.

For any information related to reproduction of the following content, please read here.

Safety culture refers to the interaction between the requirements of the Safety Management System (SMS), how people make sense of them, based on their attitudes, values and beliefs, and what they actually do, as seen in decisions and behaviours.

Webinars

Enhancing Rail Safety in 2021 

This video is the recording of ERA's Webinar of 10th December 2020. ERA Executive Director Josef Doppelbauer presents ERA’s safety leadership training available upon request for any rail-related organisation. Grégory Rolina (ERA) introduces the European Rail Safety Climate Survey# (ERA-SCS), a unique safety perception survey targeting all European rail professionals launched in 2021.

European Railway Safety Culture Model explained  

This short video explains how the model can be used by any rail companies to raise awareness, understand and improve its safety culture.

The model is accessible in all EU languages in an interactive manner following this link.

ERA Safety Leadership Training  

Leadership plays a major role in the development of a positive safety culture. To stress the importance of always behaving safely and leading by example, the European Union Agency for Railways has developed an innovative training targeting rail managers at all levels. The course highlights the need to put safety at the forefront of all actions and every decision made. It provides each participant with a clear idea of what safety leadership is about and on how to improve on a daily basis.

The Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TSIs) define the technical and operational standards which must be met by each subsystem or part of subsystem in order to meet the essential requirements and ensure the interoperability of the railway system of the European Union.

The Green Agenda project aims at contributing to the strategy defined by the European Commission with the Green Deal to reach the EU targets for the climate and energy framework. The project’s objective is mainly:

  • to substantiate the benefits of the railway transport; and
  • to build evidence based proposals to make railway the backbone of a multimodal transport and mobility system and launch a rail renaissance.

Webinars

Game changer for a carbon neutral economy

Making railway the cornerstone that supports an environmentally sustainable multimodal transport system is essential to attain the climate objectives of the European Green Deal and the Paris Climate Agreement.

How rail freight helps achieving climate goals

As part of the Green Deal, a modal shift in freight transport from mostly road to rail is necessary, with the objective to double rail freight traffic by 2050. In this webinar ERA presents the second part of the report “Fostering the railway sector through the European Green Deal”.

The One-Stop Shop (OSS) is an information and communication system that supports the Applicants, the European Union Agency for Railways (ERA) and the National Safety Authorities (NSAs) in performing their tasks related to Single Safety Certifications (SSC), Vehicle Authorisations (VA) and ERTMS trackside approvals (TA), as defined in the 4th Railway Package (4RP) set of legislative texts.

Tutorials

An easy-to-use guide for authorities on how to create and submit an issue in the One-Stop Shop (OSS) of the European Union Agency for Railways (ERA).

Toolkit for Single Safety Certificates assessors

This presentation applies to the role of assessors with a focus on how the assessment process is applied at ERA.

Videos

A Compelling Vision for the Target Railway System

Rail is one of the greenest mode of transport. The creation of a single European railway area is part of the EU transport policy objectives. A vision of the target rail system and the related research needs are presented in this short animation.

The digital transformation of railways, as in other sectors, brings new opportunities together with novel challenges. Cybersecurity is a key requirement to enable railways to deploy and exploit the full extent of a connected, digital paradigm. The European Union has defined an objective and a framework on cybersecurity, including preparedness and awareness of all actors against cyber threats, and several initiatives are relevant for railways. ERA and ENISA are working closely together to ensure the cross-fertilisation of railway and cybersecurity regulatory frameworks.

Webinars

Cybersecurity in Railways

This ERA webinar on rail cybersecurity, jointly organised with ENISA, presents how the EU cybersecurity framework applies to railway stakeholders, and how the railway framework is evolving to reflect more the concerns on cybersecurity. The European Union Agency for Cybersecurity, ENISA, and ERA present their activities concerning cybersecurity in railways.

ERA-ENISA Cybersecurity Conference

2021 is the European Year of Rail,  ENISA, the EU Agency for Cybersecurity, and ERA, the EU Agency for Railways, joined forces to organise a virtual Conference on Rail Cybersecurity. The conference took place virtually over two days and brought together more than 600 experts from railway organisations, policy, industry, research, to discuss cybersecurity developments and highlighted the main challenges in the field. Day 2 focused on the Research & Innovation and Information Sharing & Cooperation aspects. 

One of ERA’s strategic objectives is to improve economic efficiency and societal benefits of railways. We therefore place high importance on collecting and delivering objective and credible evidence to support sound decision making.

Guides

This brief guide outlines the arrangements the Agency has put in place to facilitate the reporting of CSI data by NSAs, following the ERAIL disconnection.

Reports

Additional documents

The Agency Railway Terminology Collection is a repository of Railway terms and abbreviations from EU legal texts concerning the activities carried out by ERA and relevant application guides. 

Its main aim is to sustain the development of a common understanding in the rail sector, essential to achieve the level of harmonisation required by the Railway Safety and Interoperability Directives.

The purpose of the collection is to provide support to the whole sector by:

  • offering in an unique entry point the reference valid definition of terms and abbreviations;
  • improving the multilingual translations and understanding;
  • facilitating the standardisation of railway definitions in new or revised documents , both for activities carried out internally and externally to the Agency;
  • harmonising the communication in the railway systems.

Further steps will be carried out for incorporating other terms from institutional sources and designing a multilingual web version.

Please consider that the document can be exported in Excel. The Agency is responsible only for the publication in PDF, the file is uncontrolled when printed or converted. Please note that this page is still under construction.

Human and Organisational Factors (HOF) refers to the interactions among system components and humans, considering their behaviours, at all levels such as individual, situational, group, organisational or cultural.

Examples of interactions, observable at these levels, can be found in: job design, workload, fatigue, procedures, competence management, working conditions, organisational and technological change, staffing, reporting culture, systemic investigations and audits, or the safety culture of the organisation. And all this is important for the safety management system.

It is also important to remember that these interactions stimulate people to behave in an adaptive and safe way. HOF are not only considering people on the field, but also how things are organised, monitored and improved.

 

Free Webinar: To Maintain or not to Maintain?

 17 May 2022

In railway applications, managers responsible for maintenance of vehicles, often face dilemma and difficult decisions when it comes to the question on how to maintain a vehicle. This does not get easier when they must take into account conflicting business objectives. Driven by these trade‐offs between the costs and the benefits of maintenance activities only, the overall system risks may not have been taken enough into account in the past. This webinar aims at explaining how to develop a maintenance strategy for railway vehicles taking into account new actors and new responsibilities as described in the regulation 779/2019.

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Free Webinar: Attracting Talent to the Railway Sector

 23 March 2022

Tackling the imminent skill shortage in the rail sector is critical. The sector not only needs to address the ageing workforce, but also the fact that highly skilled people with IT and engineering profiles tend not to choose a career in rail – the sector must address this image problem. Moreover, rail companies struggle event to fill lower-skilled job profiles as the demand for rail services increases with an increasingly climate conscious customer base. Finally, another big challenge facing the rail sector is how to diversify the current workforce by attracting more women to join its workforce.

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Free Webinar: Announcing the ERTMS 2022 Conference

 17 March 2022

The long waited European Railway Traffic Management System (ERTMS) Conference is returning to Valenciennes. Similarly to previous editions, this year the Agency is opening its doors to receive participants from Europe and from all over the world, who are keen to share their experiences, discuss their views and establish contacts on the harmonised signalling system in Europe. In anticipation to the ERTMS 2022 Conference, our dedicated Team has prepared a teaser webinar in order to give our audience a taste of the much awaited topics for this year’s edition.

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Free Webinar: TSIs Revision Package 2022

 23 Feb. 2022

To reduce emissions, make mobility more sustainable and boost green growth, the European Green Deal and the Smart and Sustainable Mobility Strategy selected rail – by far the most sustainable mode of transport – to increase its market share.

However, to achieve these goals, rail must become more efficient, more flexible and even more integrated. Therefore the European Commission has requested the Agency to develop, align and amend the technical specifications for interoperability (TSIs) that are the legislative tool to establish the European mandatory requirements for the rail system.

The TSIs Revision Package 2022 is currently carried out by the Agency in a way that is fully transparent for Member States and sector.

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Free Webinar: What’s New in 2022? - Part 2

 27 Jan. 2022

After a challenging 2021, still deeply affected by the Covid-19 pandemic, but lighted up by a thrilling European year of rail, what’s new this year? What is the Agency’s ambition? Why did we update our vision and mission statements? This webinar will provide an outlook to what is coming in 2022 and aims at answering these questions, and many others.

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Free Webinar: What’s New in 2022? - Part 1

 27 Jan. 2022

After a challenging 2021, still deeply affected by the Covid-19 pandemic, but lighted up by a thrilling European year of rail, what’s new this year? What is the Agency’s ambition? Why did we update our vision and mission statements? This webinar will provide an outlook to what is coming in 2022 and aims at answering these questions, and many others.

Read more

 
Managing Cybersecurity Risks in Railways - Part 2

 25 Nov. 2021

The importance of proactive cybersecurity risk management has been demonstrated in several domains, and it is crucial for the railways not to make exception. As such, good practices for the various data assets of railway sector should be considered. And this is precisely what ENISA, the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity, has gathered in a comprehensive guide about existing approaches for railway IT and OT systems. ERA is, in turn, very interested in promoting best practices in railway cybersecurity.

Read more

 

Managing Cybersecurity Risks in Railways - Part 1

 25 Nov. 2021

The importance of proactive cybersecurity risk management has been demonstrated in several domains, and it is crucial for the railways not to make exception. As such, good practices for the various data assets of railway sector should be considered. And this is precisely what ENISA, the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity, has gathered in a comprehensive guide about existing approaches for railway IT and OT systems. ERA is, in turn, very interested in promoting best practices in railway cybersecurity.

Read more

 

European Data on Rails, the Linked Data Project

 29 Oct. 2021

Do you need as a Railway Undertaking to verify the compatibility of your rail vehicle with a specific route? Do you need as Industrial to check the technical characteristics of piece of network to design a vehicle type? Or to verify alternative routes to the one you usually use?

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Towards A Harmonised European Rail Pass

 16 Sept. 2021

Have you ever tried to buy a single train ticket to travel across different European countries? Probably not. And even if you did, you would have realised that it’s much easier to book a flight between two European capital cities than the same trip with a train. It’s a pity, when you know that 8 billion passengers are using the train per year in Europe. This is 8 times more than air passengers!

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Progress on Safety towards SERA: Issues and Actions for Railways in Europe

 30 June 2021

European railways remain among the safest in the world with major accidents becoming increasingly rare and significant accidents decreasing in the last years. Still, significant accidents alone represent an economical cost of about 3,5 billion Euros per year.

Read more

 

Online Launch of the European Rail Safety Climate Survey

 16 June 2021

In order to further improve safety in the European rail system, the Agency is conducting a unique safety perception survey open to all rail professionals working in the European Union and in EFTA states: the European Rail Safety Climate Survey (ERA-SCS). It is an online survey hosted on the EUSurvey platform, available in 22 European languages on smartphones, tablets and computers.

Read more

 

Maintenance of vehicles - What is new and what you need to know

 7 June 2021

The maintenance of vehicles is an important part of the safety system as a whole. In the past the lack of a system for certification of ECMs has led to increased costs for the sector and journeys without loads. The management of maintenance was not defined clear enough, not sufficiently controlled and the absence of harmonised rules hampered international competition on the market and international traffic, mainly for freight.

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Post pandemic Recovery of Rail Transport (Part 2 of 2)

 3 June 2021

ERA webinar presenting a mathematical study comparing safety risk of car travel versus rail travel on long distance, the EU rail recovery plans of the European Commission, Q&As.

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Post pandemic Recovery of Rail Transport (Part 1 of 2)

 3 June 2021

ERA webinar presenting a mathematical study comparing safety risk of car travel versus rail travel on long distance, the EU rail recovery plans of the European Commission, Q&As.

Read more

 

How Rail Freight helps achieving Climate Goals (Part 2 of 2)

 20 May 2021

As part of the Green Deal, a modal shift in freight transport from mostly road to rail is necessary, with the objective to double rail freight traffic by 2050. In this webinar ERA presents the second part of the report “Fostering the railway sector through the European Green Deal”. This webinar includes debates with the audience on some proposed measures to increase and better manage railway capacities and to promote rail freight in more general terms.

Read more

 

How rail freight helps achieving climate goals (Part 1 of 2)

 20 May 2021

As part of the Green Deal, a modal shift in freight transport from mostly road to rail is necessary, with the objective to double rail freight traffic by 2050. In this webinar ERA presents the second part of the report “Fostering the railway sector through the European Green Deal”. This webinar includes debates with the audience on some proposed measures to increase and better manage railway capacities and to promote rail freight in more general terms.

Read more

 

Railways in the world (Part 2 of 2)

 15 April 2021

The laws of physics, trade and competition are global. Railways are increasingly global too. Discover how the Agency supports the European Commission’s international strategy and policy objectives for railways, most notably the promotion of European experiences, regulations and standards within international organisations and with international partners worldwide.

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Railways in the world (Part 1 of 2)

 15 April 2021

The laws of physics, trade and competition are global. Railways are increasingly global too. Discover how the Agency supports the European Commission’s international strategy and policy objectives for railways, most notably the promotion of European experiences, regulations and standards within international organisations and with international partners worldwide.

Read more

 

All ERA Webinar Recordings

2022 ERA’s New Year Greetings

 17 Dec. 2021

As the year draws to an end, the Agency would like to thank the sector representatives, the National Safety Authorities, the European Commission and all our partners for the excellent collaboration in 2021. It has been an honour to serve the European rail sector and the European Union and we look forward to a successful 2022. The entire ERA team wishes you and your family a Merry Christmas and a Happy and Healthy New Year! We hope to see you soon.

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COP26: A Green Mobility and Transport system at the service of Carbon Neutral EU local communities

 12 Oct. 2021

Trains account for 10% of mobility but only 3% of energy in transport. And 0.3% of greenhouse gas emissions. Have a look at the video ERA produced for the COP26 in Glasgow.

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SCS VIDEO Promo DE

 17 Sept. 2021

Filling in the European Rail Climate Survey (ERA-SCS) takes 10 minutes – 10 minutes that can make a big difference: results will be used to improve European rail safety.

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The IPA and Western Balkans Project

 2 July 2021

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ERA's Cooperation with OTIF

 2 July 2021

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Message of Executive Director Dr Josef Doppelbauer

 21 May 2021

ERA`s Executive Director Dr Josef Doppelbauer speaks about:

  • 5 years 4th Railway Package
  • Launch of the European Rail Safety Culture Survey

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A vision for the target rail system

 9 Feb. 2021

Rail is one of the greenest mode of transport. The creation of a single European railway area is part of the EU transport policy objectives.

Read more

 

ERA 2021 Wishes

 15 Dec. 2020

ERA wishes happy holidays

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European Railway Safety Culture Model explained

 9 Dec. 2020

This short video explains how the model can be used by any rail companies to raise awareness, understand and improve its safety culture.

Read more

 

ERA Safety Leadership Training

 9 Dec. 2020

Leadership plays a major role in the development of a positive safety culture. To stress the importance of always behaving safely and leading by example, the European Union Agency for Railways has developed an innovative training targeting rail managers at all levels.

Read more

 

All videos