European Railway Agency - ERA

Making the railway system work better for society

Studies

The opinions expressed in the studies below are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of ERA.

Tariff data exchange for domestic rail tariffs

27/09/2018

Independent researchers from Steam Intellect have conducted a study to test if the standard NeTEx (CEN/TS 16614-3:2014) may accommodate the domestic and cross-border railway tariffs in the Member States of the European Union, and to identify if a harmonised data exchange for those tariffs can be established.

  • Tariff data exchange for domestic rail tariffs (4.56 MB)
  • Study on the architecture of on-board radio equipment

    27/09/2018

    In the framework of the Agency’s radio evolution project EVORA, independent contractor Systra has been tasked to identify the possible impact of the evolution of railway radio systems on on-board radio systems. The first part of the study is addressing the overall system architecture, while the second part is focusing on the impact of different aspects on on-board equipment.

  • Study on the architecture of on-board radio equipment (3.3 MB)
  • Implications of Bearer Independent Communication Concept

    25/07/2017

    SYSTRA conducted this study on behalf of the European Union Agency for Railways (ERA) in order to provide a working definition of bearer independence in preparation for future work; and to identify conditions for railway infrastructure, for vehicles, for spectrum, and for related equipment that could potentially enable European railways to achieve bearer independence.

  • Study on implications of the bearer independent communication concept by Systra (8.84 MB)
  • Study on feasibility of SATCOM for railway communication

    16/02/2017

    This is the executive summary of the Final Report for the ―Study on feasibility of SATCOM for railway communication‖, which has been conducted by Indra and ALG for the European Union Agency for Railways over the period June 2016 – February 2017.

  • Study on feasibility of satcom for railway applications by INDRA/ALG (4.62 MB)
  • Report on the implementation of 44 CRs in the EVC software Baseline 3

    29/09/2016

    The goal of this report is to verify the implementation of 44CRs in the EVC software. 39 test sequences have been created by Multitel to verify the new behavior expect by the SRS 3.6.0.

  • Report on the implementation of 44 CRs in the EVC software Baseline 3 (870.78 KB)
  • Study on EUAR fees and charges

    01/08/2016

    The purpose of this study is to provide assistance to the Agency in the economical/financial areas related to the new tasks of the Agency under the technical pillar of the 4th Railway Package (4RWP).

  • Report on EUAR fees and charges (3.09 MB)
  • Coexistence of GSM-R with other Communication Systems

    15/07/2016

    The scope of this study is to analyse if the frequency bands “876-880 / 921-925 MHz” and “873-876 / 918-921 MHz” (ER/R-GSM spectrum) can be shared by other radio communication systems for railway use in coexistence with the existing GSM-R system operated in these frequency bands.

  • Study on co-existence of GSM-R and other radio technologies in the current railway radio spectrum by LS telcom (2.66 MB)
  • Study on migration of Railway radio communication system from GSM-R to other solutions

    20/05/2016

    The European Rail Agency (ERA) commissioned Systra to conduct a “Study on migration of railway radio communication system from GSM-R to other solutions”, project ERA 2015 04 1 RS. This is the Executive Summary of that study.

  • Study on migration of railway radio communication from GSM-R to other solutions by Systra (3.13 MB)
  • Final Report - Development of Requirements for A Safety Alert Information Exchange System

    16/01/2016

    The European Railway Agency (ERA) is in the process of implementing a temporary system that will allow actors to rapidly share information about new or increased common risks on the railway. The objective of this system is to inform actors about the existence of such risks, enabling them to revise and improve their own risk management methods and thus potentially avoid accidents.

  • Development of Requirements for A Safety Alert Information Exchange System (3.34 MB)
  • Impact Assessment - Review of Data Quality and Approach of the Agency Annual Report on Safety

    09/12/2015

    The impact assessment supports a recommendation for the introduction of a mandatory occurrence reporting regime for all Member States and the collation of consolidated occurrence reports at an EU level by a central body.

  • Impact Assessment (6.54 MB)
  • Assessment of Existing National Occurrence Reporting Regimes and Systems

    09/12/2015

    This report addresses Task 1 of the project Review of Data Quality and Approach of the Agency Annual Report on Safety. This comprised gathering information on the existing occurrence reporting regimes utilised in the Member States.

  • Assessment of Existing National Occurrence Reporting Regimes and Systems (4.88 MB)
  • Assessment of the Impact of Rail Suicides on EU Railways

    09/12/2015

    The objectives for the suicide reporting element of the study were to determine the means by which railway suicides are reported, what is the real impact of suicide events on railways in the EU and whether there is a need for any action at the EU level.

  • Assessment of the Impact of Rail Suicides on EU Railways (9.06 MB)
  • Assistance to the Agency in Organising Related Workshops for Stakeholders

    09/12/2015

    This report provides the summary of discussions and the conclusions of each agenda item for the workshops on Suicide on Railway Premises and Common Occurrence Reporting, held at the European Railway Agency (the Agency) premises in Valenciennes on 28th and 29th October 2015.

  • Assistance to the Agency in Organising Related Workshops for Stakeholders (217.25 KB)
  • Proposal for Common Occurrence Reporting Regimes and Systems Including Taxonomy

    09/12/2015

  • Proposal for Common Occurrence Reporting Regimes and Systems Including Taxonomy (1.22 MB)
  • Final Report - Research on Risk Models at the European Level

    31/08/2015

    The European Railway Agency (the Agency) has commissioned DNV GL to undertake a short screening exercise to review relevant risk models used in the railway domain and in the oil/gas and aviation sectors.

  • Final Report - Research on Risk Models at the European Level (868.88 KB)
  • Evolution of GSM-R

    01/04/2015

    This is the draft Final Report for the study “Evolution of GSM-R”, study ERA/2014/04/ERTMS/OP6, which is being conducted by IDATE and WIK-Consult GmbH for the European Railway Agency (ERA).The document is published in the interest of soliciting feedback from interested parties, and to support future planning on the part of the ERA in particular and the European rail sector in general.

  • Study on the evolution of GSM-R by IDATE-WIK (4.74 MB)
  • Study on universal overhead contact line design *phase 2*

    21/01/2015

    The current study of ANA_3 & ANA_4 has the objective to develop a standard method for Inframanagers to assess the chance of dewirement and infringement on local infrastructures. To achieve the objectives, all factors that determine the position and movement of the related systems are examined.

  • Study on universal overhead contact line design * phase 2 * (2.19 MB)
  • 2014 ERA Follow Up of ERTMS EU- funded projects - Final Report 2014

    28/10/2014

    The aim of this Final report is to describe the status of the projects and the activities performed by Ineco for the technical follow up of ERTMS projects funded by the EU during 2014.

  • 2014 ERA Follow Up of ERTMS EU- funded projects (383.29 KB)
  • Survey on operational communications (study for the evolution of the railway communications system)

    25/02/2014

    This document captures the findings of the study into operational communications for railways: ‘Survey on operational communications (Study for the evolution of the Railway Communication System)’ carried out by Analysys Mason for the European Railway Agency (ERA) over the period August–December 2013.

  • Study for the evolution of the railways communication system by Analysys Mason (1.47 MB)
  • Assessment of freight train derailment risk reduction measures: Part A Final Report

    21/07/2012

  • DNV study on freight train derailments (8 MB)