European Railway Agency - ERA

Making the railway system work better for society.

Corporate publications

ERA work programmes and annual reports

These files can be found in section Plans and reports

Safety and interoperability progress reports


2019 Assessment of achievements of Common Safety Targets

18/06/2019

Report on the assessment of achievement of Common Safety Targets (CSTs) / National Reference Values (NRVs) prepared for the EC following the CSM set out in Commission Decision 2009/460/EC.

  • 2019 Assessment of achievements of Common Safety Targets (902.54 KB)
  • Report on Railway Safety and Interoperability in the EU 2018

    01/08/2018

  • Report on Railway Safety and Interoperability in the EU 2018 (8.63 MB)
  • 2018 Assessment of achievements of Common Safety Targets

    22/06/2018

    Report on the assessment of achievement of Common Safety Targets (CSTs) / National Reference Values (NRVs) prepared for the EC following the CSM set out in Commission Decision 2009/460/EC.

  • ​2018 Assessment of achievements of Common Safety Targets (1000.39 KB)
  • Railway Safety Performance in the European Union 2017

    01/12/2017

    The Agency is pleased to announce the publication the Safety Interim Report 2017. It is a shorter Version of the Railway Safety Performance report and solely published electronically. The report covers all EU Member States plus Norway and Switzerland and all significant railway accidents in these countries.

  • Railway Safety Performance in the European Union 2017 (3.73 MB)
  • 2017 Assessment of Achievement of Common Safety Targets

    31/03/2017

    The eighth report on the assessment of achievement of Common Safety Targets (CSTs) / National Reference Values (NRVs) prepared for the EC following the CSM set out in Commission Decision 2009/460/EC.

  • 2017 Assessment of Achievement of Common Safety Targets (1014.44 KB)
  • Railway System Report 2016

    16/09/2016

  • Railway System Report 2016 (16.39 MB)
  • Railway Safety Performance in the European Union 2016

    13/09/2016

    The safety performance report 2016 presents common safety indicator data, overview of serious accidents in the EU, results of annual assessment of CSTs and a series of data analysis results.

  • Railway Safety Performance in the European Union 2016 (10.55 MB)
  • 2016 Assessment of Achievement of Common Safety Targets

    22/03/2016

    The seventh report on the assessment of achievements of Common Safety Targets (CSTs) / National Reference Values (NRVs) prepared for the EC following the CSM set out in Commission Decision 2009/460/EC.

  • 2016 Assessment of Achievement of Common Safety Targets (1.36 MB)
  • Biennial report on the Progress with Railway Interoperability in the European Union 2015

    29/01/2016

    The Agency produces report on progress with interoperability every two years which provides the basis for the analysis of the trends of implementation of interoperability across the European Union.

  • Biennial report on the Progress with Railway Interoperability in the European Union 2015 (6.59 MB)
  • Executive Summary (EN) (8.37 MB) FR
  • 2015 Assessment of Achievement of Common Safety Targets

    27/03/2015

    The sixth report on the assessment of achievements of Common Safety Targets (CSTs) / National Reference Values (NRVs) prepared for the EC following the CSM set out in Commission Decision 2009/460/EC.

  • 2015 Assessment of Achievement of Common Safety Targets (1.38 MB)
  • Railway Safety Performance in the European Union 2014

    22/05/2014

    The safety performance report 2014 presents common safety indicator data, overview of serious accidents in the EU, results of annual assessment of CSTs and a series of data analysis results.

  • Railway Safety Performance in the European Union 2014 (2.45 MB)
  • 2014 Assessment of Achievement of Common Safety Targets

    31/03/2014

    The fith report on the assessment of achievements of Common Safety Targets (CSTs) / National Reference Values (NRVs) prepared for the EC following the CSM set out in Commission Decision 2009/460/EC.

  • 2014 Assessment of Achievement of Common Safety Targets (1.03 MB)
  • Biennial report on the Progress with Railway Interoperability in the European Union 2013

    01/03/2014

    The Agency produces report on progress with interoperability every two years which provides the basis for the analysis of the trends of implementation of interoperability across the European Union.

  • ​​Biennial report on the Progress with Railway Interoperability in the European Union 2013 (2.65 MB)
  • Biennial report 2013 data (283.5 KB)
  • Executive summary (EN) (622.84 KB) DE FR
  • 2013 Assessment of Achievement of Common Safety Targets

    22/05/2013

    The fourth report on the assessment of achievements of Common Safety Targets (CSTs) / National Reference Values (NRVs) prepared for the EC following the CSM set out in Commission Decision 2009/460/EC.

  • 2013 Assessment of Achievement of Common Safety Targets (1.07 MB)
  • Railway Safety Performance in the European Union 2013

    15/05/2013

    The safety performance report 2013 presents common safety indicator data, overview of serious accidents in the EU, results of annual assessment of CSTs and a series of data analysis results.

  • Railway Safety Performance in the European Union 2013 (2.32 MB)
  • Railway Safety Performance in the European Union 2012

    08/03/2012

    The safety performance report 2012 presents common safety indicator data, overview of serious accidents in the EU, information on safety certification, safety targets and developments in safety regulation.

  • Railway Safety Performance in the European Union 2012 (1.77 MB)

  • Ex Post Evaluations


    Report on ERTMS Longer Term Perspective

    18/12/2015

  • Report on ERTMS Longer Term Perspective (1.22 MB)
  • TSI CCS – Operational Requirements of Railway Radio Communication Systems

    06/10/2014

  • Ex-post analysis of the relevance of GSM-R for railway operational performance and railway safety (1.59 MB)

  • Leaflets


    Rail Freight in the European Union

    29/08/2018

  • Rail Freight in the European Union (1.52 MB)
  • 4th Railway Package - What does it mean for me

    23/08/2018

  • 4th Railway Package - What does it mean for me (901.59 KB)
  • Promoting a Positive Railway Safety Culture

    08/06/2018

    In all high risk industries, developing a positive safety culture has been increasingly recognised as vital to operate safely. The European Railway Agency has now published leaflets on railway safety culture.

  • Promoting a Positive Railway Safety Culture (EN) (350.28 KB) BG CS DA DE EL ES ET FI FR HR HU IT LT LV NL PL PT RO SK SL SV
  • GSM-R and Interferences: Managing the co-existence

    29/07/2016

  • GSM-R and Interferences - Managing the co-existence (264.75 KB)
  • The European Union Agency for Railways Project on the evolution of the radio communication system for railways

    29/07/2016

    ERA Program for the evolution of the radio communicationsystem for railways

  • ERA Program for the evolution of the radio communicationsystem for railways (286.06 KB)
  • Radio spectrum management and Railways

    29/07/2016

  • Radio spectrum management (318.27 KB)
  • ERTMS Making the railway system work better for society

    29/07/2016

    General Information on ERTMS at the Agency.

  • ERTMS general information (326.06 KB)
  • Integrating Human Factors in European Railways - Incident and accident investigation

    27/04/2016

    Human Factors play an increasingly important role in modern complex, safety-critical systems. The European Railway Agency has now published leaflets on Human Factors.

  • Integrating Human Factors in European Railways - Incident and accident investigation (EN) (693.08 KB) BG CS DA DE EL ES ET FI FR HR HU IT LT LV NL PL PT RO SK SL SV
  • Integrating Human Factors in European Railways - Information for workers

    27/04/2016

    Human Factors play an increasingly important role in modern complex, safety-critical systems. The European Railway Agency has now published leaflets on Human Factors.

  • Integrating Human Factors in European Railways - Information for workers (EN) (1.21 MB) BG CS DA DE EL ES ET FI FR HR HU IT LT LV NL PL PT RO SK SL SV
  • Integrating Human Factors in European Railways - Safety Management System

    27/04/2016

    Human Factors play an increasingly important role in modern complex, safety-critical systems. The European Railway Agency has now published leaflets on Human Factors.

  • Integrating Human Factors in European Railways - Safety Management System (EN) (24.22 MB) BG CS DA DE EL ES ET FI FR HR HU IT LT LV NL PL PT RO SK SL SV

  • Newsletters


    ERA Newsletter June 2019

    19/06/2019

    At this milestone, it is a matter close to my heart to express my sincere respect and gratitude to all railway actors that have contributed to this achievement: the representatives of industry and customers, the sector organisations, the NSAs in each member state, the European Commission and our staff in Valenciennes.

  • ERA Newsletter June 2019 (837.75 KB)
  • ERA Newsletter March 2019

    21/03/2019

    Safe – connected – affordable. Do you remember these words? They have guided the SERA Conferences which ERA and the European Commission organised in 2017 to discuss with all railway stakeholders the upcoming changes which the Fourth Railway Package (4RP) will bring.

  • ERA Newsletter March 2019 (645.92 KB)
  • ERA Newsletter December 2018

    21/12/2018

    Already since 2015, the Agency has been preparing the implementation of the technical pillar of the Fourth Railway Package. Together with the National Safety Authorities and the representatives of the European rail sector, we have been doing our best to communicate the fundamental change that is coming to the European rail sector with this legal package

  • ERA Newsletter December 2018 (1.13 MB)
  • ERA Newsletter June 2018

    06/06/2018

    Rail safety touches the very essence of our business. We can proudly say that rail is the safest mode of land transport, but the impressive safety record of past decades (largely achieved through technical progress) is overshadowed by singular accidents with often tragic consequences, leaving surviving dependants in terrible grief, and the reputation of the entire European rail system damaged.

  • ERA Newsletter June 2018 (759.63 KB)
  • ERA Newsletter March 2018

    02/03/2018

    The 4th Railway Package is the single most important piece of legislation in the history of European railways – and in 2018, pressure is rising as fundamental change is imminent.For the first time ever, there will be EU-wide vehicle authorisation, safety certification, and ERTMS trackside approval. But we are not there, yet – and time is running fast, and the challenges are steep.

  • ERA Newsletter March 2018 (771.84 KB)