The national investigation bodies (NIB) investigate serious accidents on the railways. The Agency works with the NIBs on accident investigation methods, reporting, recommendations and exchange of good practice.
Accident investigations in Europe have been reported by the National Investigation Bodies to the Railway Agency. According to the Safety Directive, a national investigation body shall inform ERA within one week after the decision to open an investigation about an accident or incident. The final investigation reports should be submitted within 12 months of the date of the accident. The notifications and the investigation reports are published by ERA in the Public database.
Open and completed NIB accident investigations since 2006
The approach and methods to accident investigation vary between Member States. One of the tasks of the Agency is to facilitate a common understanding of the approach of the Safety Directive within the European Union. Current projects include work on accident causation, safety recommendations and investigator training.
The investigation bodies may in their investigation reports address recommendations to the safety authorities or – in special cases – to other bodies or authorities. The safety authority has to respond on measures taken or planned.
The NSAs and the NIBs have jointly developed, with Agency support, guidance on safety recommendations. The Agency has further developed a Safety Information System, to share urgent and important safety relevant information.